Welcome to django-sekizai’s documentation!

Note

If you get an error when using django-sekizai that starts with Invalid block tag:, please read Restrictions.

About

Sekizai means “blocks” in Japanese, and that’s what this app provides. A fresh look at blocks. With django-sekizai you can define placeholders where your blocks get rendered and at different places in your templates append to those blocks. This is especially useful for css and javascript. Your sub-templates can now define css and Javascript files to be included, and the css will be nicely put at the top and the Javascript to the bottom, just like you should. Also sekizai will ignore any duplicate content in a single block.

Dependencies

  • Python 2.6, 2.7, 3.2 or higher.
  • Django 1.2.7 or higher.
  • django-classy-tags 0.3.1 or higher.

Usage

Configuration

In order to get started with django-sekizai, you’ll need to do the following steps:

  • Put ‘sekizai’ into your INSTALLED_APPS setting.

  • Use one of the following:
    • Put sekizai.context_processors.sekizai into your TEMPLATE_CONTEXT_PROCESSORS setting and use django.template.RequestContext when rendering your templates.
    • Use sekizai.context.SekizaiContext when rendering your templates.

Template Tag Reference

Note

All sekizai template tags require the sekizai_tags template tag library to be loaded.

Handling code snippets

New in version 0.7: The strip flag was added.

Sekizai uses render_block and addtoblock to handle unique code snippets. Define your blocks using {% render_block <name> %} and add data to that block using {% addtoblock <name> [strip] %}...{% endaddotblock %}. If the strip flag is set, leading and trailing whitespace will be removed.

Example Template:

{% load sekizai_tags %}

<html>
<head>
{% render_block "css" %}
</head>
<body>
Your content comes here.
Maybe you want to throw in some css:
{% addtoblock "css" %}
<link href="/media/css/stylesheet.css" media="screen" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
{% endaddtoblock %}
Some more content here.
{% addtoblock "js" %}
<script type="text/javascript">
alert("Hello django-sekizai");
</script>
{% endaddtoblock %}
And even more content.
{% render_block "js" %}
<body>
</html>

Above example would roughly render like this:

<html>
<head>
<link href="/media/css/stylesheet.css" media="screen" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
</head>
<body>
Your content comes here.
Maybe you want to throw in some css:
Some more content here.
And even more content.
<script type="text/javascript">
alert("Hello django-sekizai");
</script>
<body>
</html>

Note

It’s recommended to have all render_block tags in your base template, the one that gets extended by all your other templates.

Restrictions

Warning

{% render_block %} tags must not be placed inside a template tag block (a template tag which has an end tag, such as {% block %}...{% endblock %} or {% if %}...{% endif %}).

Warning

{% render_block %} tags must not be in an included template!

Warning

If the {% addtoblock %} tag is used in an included or extending template, the tags must be placed within {% block %}...{% endblock %} tags.

Handling data

Sometimes you might not want to use code snippets but rather just add a value to a list. For this purpose there are the {% with_data <name> as <varname> %}...{% end_with_data %} and {% add_data <name> <value> %} template tags.

Example:

{% load sekizai_tags %}

<html>
<head>
{% with_data "css-data" as stylesheets %}
{% for stylesheet in stylesheets %}
    <link href="{{ MEDIA_URL }}{{ stylesheet }}" media="screen" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
{% endfor %}
{% end_with_data %}
</head>
<body>
Your content comes here.
Maybe you want to throw in some css:
{% add_data "css-data" "css/stylesheet.css" %}
Some more content here.
<body>
</html>

Above example would roughly render like this:

<html>
<head>
<link href="/media/css/stylesheet.css" media="screen" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" />
</head>
<body>
Your content comes here.
Maybe you want to throw in some css:
Some more content here.
And even more content.
<body>
</html>

Warning

The restrictions for {% render_block %} also apply to {% with_data %}, see above.

The restrictions for {% addtoblock %} also apply to {% add_data %}, see above.

Sekizai data is unique

All data in sekizai is enforced to be unique within its block namespace. This is because the main purpose of sekizai is to handle javascript and css dependencies in templates.

A simple example using addtoblock and render_block would be:

{% load sekizai_tags %}

{% addtoblock "js" %}
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/mootools/1.3.0/mootools-yui-compressed.js"></script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

{% addtoblock "js" %}
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $('firstelement').set('class', 'active');
    </script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

{% addtoblock "js" %}
    <script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/mootools/1.3.0/mootools-yui-compressed.js"></script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

{% addtoblock "js" %}
    <script type="text/javascript">
        $('secondelement').set('class', 'active');
    </script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

{% render_block "js" %}

Above template would roughly render to:

<script type="text/javascript" src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/mootools/1.3.0/mootools-yui-compressed.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    $('firstelement').set('class', 'active');
</script>
<script type="text/javascript">
    $('secondelement').set('class', 'active');
</script>

New in version 0.5.

Processing sekizai data

Because of the restrictions of the {% render_block %} tag, it is not possible to use sekizai with libraries such as django-compressor directly. For that reason, sekizai added postprocessing capabilities to render_block in version 0.5.

Postprocessors are callable Python objects (usually functions) that get the render context, the data in a sekizai namespace and the name of the namespace passed as arguments and should return a string.

An example for a processor that uses the Django builtin spaceless functionality would be:

def spaceless_post_processor(context, data, namespace):
    from django.utils.html import strip_spaces_between_tags
    return strip_spaces_between_tags(data)

To use this post processor you have to tell render_block where it’s located. If above code sample lives in the Python module myapp.sekizai_processors you could use it like this:

...
{% render_block "js" postprocessor "myapp.sekizai_processors.spaceless_post_processor" %}
...

Helpers

sekizai.helpers

get_namespaces(template)

Returns a list of all sekizai namespaces found in template, which should be the name of a template. This method also checks extended templates.

validate_template(template, namespaces)

Returns True if all namespaces given are found in the template given. Useful to check that the namespaces required by your application are available, so you can failfast if they’re not.

Example

A full example on how to use django-sekizai and when.

Let’s assume you have a website, where all templates extend base.html, which just contains your basic HTML structure. Now you also have a small template which gets included on some pages. This template needs to load a javascript library and execute some specific javascript code.

Your base.html might look like this:

{% load sekizai_tags %}<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en" dir="ltr">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=8" />
    <title>Your website</title>
    <link rel="shortcut icon" type="image/x-icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="{{ MEDIA_URL }}css/base.css" media="all" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="{{ MEDIA_URL }}css/print.css" media="print" />
    {% render_block "css" %}
</head>
<body>
{% block "content" %}
{% endblock %}
<script type="text/javascript" src="{{ MEDIA_URL }}js/libs/jquery-1.4.2.js"></script>
{% render_block "js" %}
</body>
</html>

As you can see, we load sekizai_tags at the very beginning. We have two sekizai namespaces: “css” and “js”. The “css” namespace is rendered in the head right after the base css files, the “js” namespace is rendered at the very bottom of the body, right after we load jQuery.

Now to our included template. We assume there’s a context variable called userid which will be used with the javascript code.

Your template (inc.html) might look like this:

{% load sekizai_tags %}
<div class="my-div">
    <ul id="dynamic-content-{{ userid }}"></ul>
</div>

{% addtoblock "js" %}
<script type="text/javascript" src="{{ MEDIA_URL }}js/libs/mylib.js"></script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

{% addtoblock "js" %}
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('#dynamic-conent-{{ userid }}').do_something();
}
</script>
{% endaddtoblock %}

The important thing to notice here is that we split the javascript into two addtoblock blocks. Like this, the library ‘mylib.js’ is only included once, and the userid specific code will be included once per userid.

Now to put it all together let’s assume we render a third template with [1, 2, 3] as my_userids variable.

The third template looks like this:

{% extends "base.html" %}

{% block "content" %}
{% for userid in my_userids %}
    {% include "inc.html" %}
{% endfor %}
{% endblock %}

And here’s the rendered template:

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Strict//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-strict.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" xml:lang="en" lang="en" dir="ltr">
<head>
<meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
<meta http-equiv="x-ua-compatible" content="ie=8" />
    <title>Your website</title>
    <link rel="shortcut icon" type="image/x-icon" href="/favicon.ico" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/media/css/base.css" media="all" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="/media/css/print.css" media="print" />
</head>
<body>
<div class="my-div">
    <ul id="dynamic-content-1"></ul>
</div>
<div class="my-div">
    <ul id="dynamic-content-2"></ul>
</div>
<div class="my-div">
    <ul id="dynamic-content-3"></ul>
</div>
<script type="text/javascript" src="/media/js/libs/jquery-1.4.2.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript" src="{{ MEDIA_URL }}js/libs/mylib.js"></script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('#dynamic-conent-1').do_something();
}
</script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('#dynamic-conent-2').do_something();
}
</script>
<script type="text/javascript">
$(document).ready(function(){
    $('#dynamic-conent-3').do_something();
}
</script>
</body>
</html>